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Controversial Pesticide Naled Sprayed Over Miami to Combat Zika

aircraft spraying peticides

“I don’t care what the CDC says. It’s bad stuff.” — Dennis Olle, Miami chapter of the North American Butterfly Association

The Miami-Dade County Public Works and Waste Management Department began aerial spraying of the pesticide Naled over Miami, FL on Aug. 4, 2016.1 The spraying campaign, focused on the city’s Wynwood area, is targeting the Aedes aegypti mosquito which has been known to carry the Zika virus. Naled is sold under the brand name Dibrom,2 3 and is an organophosphate chemical produced by AMVAC Chemical Corporation of Axis, AL.

Naled is the same pesticide that, in June, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended spraying in Puerto Rico to fight the spread of Zika virus infections there.4 5 However, following public protests by Puerto Ricans against the proposed pesticide spraying campaign, a lawsuit was filed on July 21 against the CDC and its director, Tom Frieden, in San Juan, Puerto Rico by that city’s Mayor Carmen Yulin Cruz-Soto and the San Juan Municipality. That lawsuit and opposition to the spraying by Puerto Rico’s Governor Alejandro Garcia Padilla prompted the CDC to back down on the use of Naled on the island.5 6 7 

CDC respects the decision of the Governor of Puerto Rico to not pursue aerial spraying with the insecticide Naled. We moved too quickly in our urgency to do all that we could to be responsive and prepared in the event officials in Puerto Rico decided to use Naled. Under no circumstances would CDC undertake application of Naled unless the government of Puerto Rico decided to do so, authorized it, and requested CDC to do so.7 

According to the lawsuit, the objections to Naled are based on:

multiple studies that demonstrate that exposure to Naled can cause respiratory complications, nausea, headaches, skin irritation, damage to the nervous systems, among other complications. In essence, Naled and other toxic pesticides that the defendant proposed to use (hereinafter the “proposed action”) represent a serious risk to the general health of the People of San Juan and a danger to the environment…8 

The lawsuit goes into detail about the harmful effects of Naled to humans, as well as birds, fish, bees, and wildlife. It states that the CDC and other defendants named in the action have failed to carry out any “tests, methodological studies to determine and mitigate the long term harm” and that the “waters, human and wildlife will suffer if Naled is indiscriminately used as pretended by the CDC and the other defendants.”

The lawsuit also states that the CDC has not provided the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) as required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) nor a biological assessment as required by the Endangered Species Act (ESA).8 

As an alternative to Naled, the CDC plans to distribute another insecticide in Puerto Rico called Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti). According to the National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC), “Bti is low in toxicity to people and other mammals.” With regard to birds and fish, Bti has been found to be “practically non-toxic and non-pathogenic.”9 Bti was one of two pesticides sprayed over New York City in May to control mosquitoes believed to carry the Zika virus.9

Meanwhile, the aerial spraying of Naled over Miami—reminiscent of the pesticide DDT aerial spraying campaigns over U.S. cities during the 1940s10 —has proceeded, and Miami-Dade County officials are reportedly now in talks with the CDC about the possibility of expanding the program.11 

While the CDC and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have offered assurances that Naled is safe, some people are skeptical. A Miami Herald article quoted attorney Dennis Olle, who is a board member of the Miami chapter of the North American Butterfly Association, as saying, “I don’t care what the CDC says. It’s bad stuff.”12 

Naled was banned in the European Union (EU) in 2005 because it was found to pose an “unacceptable risk.”12 13 14 Specifically there is some concern about the effect Naled could have on pregnant women. In a recent article in the Miami New Times, Jerry Iannelli writes:

In a dark twist, some studies have even shown that the family of chemicals naled belongs to can harm a growing fetus — which means the county could be harming the very same pregnant residents it’s trying to protect.13 

That would be a tragic irony indeed.


1 Alvarez, L. Spraying Begins in Miami to Combat the Zika Virus. The New York Times Aug. 4, 2016.
2 Amvac Chemical Corporation. Dibrom® Concentrate. Amvac-Chemical.com.
3 Wikipedia. Naled. Wikipedia.org.
Associated Press. US urges aerial spraying amid jump in Puerto Rico Zika cases. The Washington Post July 6, 2016.
5 Vargas AS. The US Govt Is Bringing a Controversial Pesticide to PR’s Battle Against Zika & Boricuas Are Pissed. Remezcla July 2016.
6 CDC Pesticide Spraying Illegal, says Lawsuit. Matthews & Associates.
7 Silverman E. CDC backs down on proposal to use controversial insecticide to thwart Zika. STAT July 25, 2016.
The Municipality of San Juan and Honorable Carmen Yulin Cruz-Soto in Her Official Capacity as Mayor of San Juan v. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Tom Frieden in His Official Capacity as Director of the CDC; the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; Governor of Puerto Rico, Honorable Alejandro García-Padilla, Secretary of the Department of Agriculture Honorable Myrna Comas; Health Department Secretary Honorable Ana Rius-Almendariz; Corporation A, B, C, John Doe, Jane Doe. Case 3:16-cv-02382-CCC Document 1 Filed July 21, 2016 in the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico p. 1 of 14
9 Cáceres M. New York Aerial Sprays Altosid and VectoBac Pesticides to Combat Zika. The Vaccine Reaction May 23, 2016.
10 Cáceres M. DDT and the Rise and Fall of Polio. The Vaccine Reaction July 22, 2015.
11 Staletovich  J. Air Attack against Zika hit and miss in Miami, CDC reports. Miami Herald Aug. 15, 2016.
12 Staletovich  J. Friday flight planned to spray for Zika mosquitoes. Miami Herald Aug. 11, 2016.
13 Iannelli J. Pesticide Sprayed Over Wynwood Is Banned in Europe, May Also Harm Fetuses. Miami New Times Aug. 10, 2016.
14 European Union. COMMISSION DECISION of 11 May 2012 concerning the non-inclusion of naled for product type 18 in Annex I, IA or IB to Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the placing of biocidal products on the market. EURO-Lex.

10 Responses to Controversial Pesticide Naled Sprayed Over Miami to Combat Zika

  1. corrupt Reply

    August 24, 2016 at 5:39 am

    The CDC has to spray the insecticide first because they are also putting Zika there. The pregnant woman will have microcephaly babies after spraying Naled and then the CDC will claim it is due to Zika and not the insecticide. Pathetic! All to try to force the vaccine they are preparaing to force on everyone with all means paid by the taxpayer!

    Do these congressional idiots who allow this to happen think it will not affect their own?

  2. Robert L . Wachsmuth s Reply

    August 24, 2016 at 6:33 am

    The Vaccine Reaction . People Controlling the CDC and the FDA are perfect examples of the MENTALLY ILL in this Country. Corporation Controlled , Disease Mongering.

  3. SMV Reply

    August 24, 2016 at 6:47 am

    This is very sad… How do we find out what is being sprayed over our area?

  4. gritzle75 Reply

    August 24, 2016 at 7:33 am

    I totally agree with CORRUPT. This is how the CDC will manufacture a “real” pandemic. Firstly they have genetically-engineered mosquitoes as well as nannobot (robotic) mosquitoes. Who knows what biological weapons they are carrying. So we have the supposed culprit mosquitoes delivering the Zika virus. Then we add pesticides and vaccinations to produce the microcephaly; but with “plausible deniability”, the CDC can blame the Zika virus.

    Evidence seems to point to both the prenatal vaccination Dtap and to pesticides as the real creation of microcehpaly, not the Zika virus.

  5. PQ Reply

    August 24, 2016 at 7:42 am

    Makes you wonder how much is sprayed you don’t know about. Completely outrageous. I would move if I lived there, but again, what has been polluted already where I live?

  6. Ken Conrad Reply

    August 24, 2016 at 7:47 am

    The reasons why organophosphates are preferred is because they are extremely poisonous. Claims that they are entirely safe are total nonsense. Anyone exposed to the pesticide will be at risk of developing spongiform encephalopathy, not to mention the potential deleterious effects on the developing unborn child of pregnant women exposed to the toxin.

    The use of these concentrated toxic chemicals takes a serious toll on the humans, animals, insect, and aquatic life. I am curious, have they consulted with surrounding apiarists in the area before using both of these insecticides (BT toxin and organophosphates) since both are harmful to bees?

  7. anonymous housewife Reply

    August 24, 2016 at 9:04 am

    Conventional treatment of organophosphate poisoning includes fluids and airway management, atropine, and benzodiazepines… http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/167726-medication

    Alternative and herbal treatments (at your own risk) include Milk Thistle, Dulcamara,”Sweet Nightshade,” (a source of atropine,) and magnesium, are listed here:

    But please use caution, stay inside, and don’t treat yourself, especially if pregnant, without consulting Poison Control (1 (800) 222-1222)if you have organophosphate poisoning symptoms like headache, weakness,nausea and tremors after being sprayed. The symptoms of acute organophosphate poisoning usually peak in 8 hours, however the brain damage may take months to reveal itself.

    My 2 cents, from a Master Gardener lecture.

  8. anonymous housewife Reply

    August 24, 2016 at 9:47 am

    RE: anonymous housewife’s 2 cents (above)…



    “Bittersweet nightshade [Dulcamara] is a member of the same family as the potato and tomato. This plant is found widely throughout Europe, Asia, the US, and Canada. Bittersweet nightshade is a vine-like perennial that can grow to a height of approximately 3 m. It has alternating heart-shaped oval leaves that usually have 2 small ear-like segments at their bases. Its star-shaped flowers bloom from April to September; the flowers are pinkish-purple with bright yellow stamens. The flowers produce green berries that turn bright red when mature.


    Traditional use of the stem has been at a dosage of 1 to 3 g/day, usually given as a decoction or infusion in 250 mL of water.

    Pregnancy/Lactation (!)

    Documented teratogenic effects of the glycoalkaloids in animals. Avoid use. (!)

    The plant is toxic. Ingestion of unripened berries should be considered a medical emergency. Symptoms may be delayed for several hours.”

  9. Julia Hill Reply

    August 24, 2016 at 11:06 am

    John 10:10 “The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.” God clearly shows the thief’s goals, his agenda for us.

    Vaccines and pesticides have stolen the health and happiness of so many, killed thousands more. Their resulting chronic diseases are an agenda. Who is moving them? We need the eyes of our understanding of God’s Word enlightened so we can call a spade a spade.

    Virginia and every other state is under attack by pharmaceuticals controlling the CDC to push pesticides and make vaccines mandatory. The lust for power and control of others is so prevalent that they dare to take our God-given rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness declared in the Constitutional of the United States of America. How disgraceful to all the men and women who have fought for our freedom for over 200 years if this is allowed. The Mandatory Vaccine bill would force adults and children to get vaccines, to subject themselves and their children to vaccines that have maimed, debilitated, and killed millions of people.
    The CDC has approved 22-26 vaccines for adults, and 22+ for children. They are harassing parents. Rise up America.
    Gov. Kaine made a sweet deal (Hillary’s running mate now) with the billion dollar pharmaceutical, Merck, for Gardasil to be produced in Virginia . Great jobs for those who don’t mind producing a product that has killed hundreds, made countless infertile, and maimed so many with constant pain and seizures. In 2013, according to Save The Babies, 11,300 babies born in the US each year die on the first day of birth (Babies are given Vitamin K with aluminum and Hepatitis B with aluminum minutes to hours after birth). Our first day deaths are greater than all other industrialized nations combined.
    Get educated: Jim Jess on Liberty notes bill of rights, VaxXedTheMovie.com, http://www.NVIC.org, http://www.VA4HF.org, http://www.DrSuzanne.net, My Incredible Opinion on YouTube. Write your legislators and senators today, and make your vote count.

  10. jay Reply

    August 28, 2016 at 8:29 am

    Good comments all! I see the left and the right , the religious and the secular coming together on this issue! Lets keep up the momentum! Write to your congress people, join and read nvic.org! Keep the pressure up! The medical establishment is out of control….

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